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Risk Management: Market, Interest Rate and Currency Risk Thumbnail

Risk Management: Market, Interest Rate and Currency Risk

History has shown that successful investing requires prudent risk management, discipline, and patience. When emotions and investment risks run high, it can be easy to lose focus on your investment strategy. To help you overcome these challenges, here are some important items to keep in mind:

Do You Know the Risks?

Investors need to remember that markets can be turbulent and that preparing for potential declines is essential. There can be a strong temptation to pull out of markets when they become volatile. However, instead of acting on this temptation, it may be smarter to adjust your investment approach. By remaining flexible, you might be able to take advantage of opportunities while managing risks.

  • Interest rate risk is the potential for investment losses resulting from a change in interest rates. If interest rates rise, for instance, the value of a bond or other fixed-income investment will decline. Currently we are in a rising rate environment, therefore it could be prudent to hold shorter duration exposure in your fixed income portfolio. Bonds with shorter duration are less sensitive to risking rates than bonds with longer duration. 
  • Market risk is the risk that arises from movements in stock prices, interest rates, exchange rates, and commodity prices. Market risk is distinguished from credit risk, which is the risk of loss from the failure of a counterparty to make a promised payment, and from a number of other risks that organizations face, such as breakdowns in their operational procedures. In essence, market risk is the risk arising from changes in the markets to which an organization has exposure. A good way to mitigate market risk is through diversification of asset classes and hedging strategies. 
  • Currency risk is sometimes referred to as “exchange rate risk” and arises from the change in the price of one currency in relation to another. Investors or companies that have assets or business operations across national borders are exposed to currency risks that may create unpredictable profits and losses.

A Risky Balance

A variety of factors may cause one to act more cautiously than normal, including ongoing global uncertainties and fears about the future of the economy. This can lead to investors flocking to low-risk investments despite misalignment with their goals. Remember, while minimizing risk can feel like a safe move, you could miss out on opportunities as a result.

Another mistake can be creating a portfolio that doesn’t reflect your overall risk tolerance. When building a portfolio, the objective is to take on the amount of risk that aligns with your goals and time horizon. This is often accomplished through a diversified allocation of assets that may help manage your portfolio’s risk. It’s important to remember that asset allocation is an approach to help manage investment risk. It offers no guaranteed protection against investment loss.

Leave Emotion at the Door

When markets swing, emotional decision making can wreak havoc on the most carefully designed investment strategies.

Fear and greed can drive anyone’s financial decisions. Fear can cause us to abandon an investment strategy when the outcome is not what we want, while greed can cause us to chase investment fads and assume too much risk. As you invest, you can support your strategy by attempting to manage these emotion-based decisions.1

A financial professional may be able to help when emotions enter the decision-making process. When markets decline, they can answer questions, provide reassurance, and show you the opportunities that volatile markets may provide.

  1. https://www.investopedia.com/articles/01/030701.asp

This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.